The device browser¶
The main feature of the Ralph web interface is the browser for your discovered devices. Depending on your needs and permissions, you can browse them in five ways:
- The “racks” browser lets you see the physical organisation of your datacenter, indicating where every device is located.
- The “ventures” browser lets you browse by the organisations that own the devices, and by the services to which they belong.
- The “networks” browser enables you to see your datacenter from the point of view of the network addresses.
- The “CMDB” browser displays the devices and other elements relevant to change management, together with their relations and changes.
- Finally, the “advanced search” browser lets you create custom lists of devices based on many attributes set on them, such as name, model, components, serial number or change history.
No matter which browser you use, you will see a tabbed view with a list of the devices. Each of the tabs will display a different set of columns in the list, and after clicking on a device name, different form with information about that device.
This tab displays the general information about the device, such as its name, model, serial number and barcode, owner and role, physical position etc. It also displays a number of links to related devices and pages, depending on the type of the device, such as virtual machine’s hypervisor or blade server’s management address.
This tab shows the information about detected contents of the device. It lists the model and serial numbers of all of its physical components, such as processors, memory, disks and extension cards. It also lists the software that was detected on the device, together with its versions.
This tab shows everything that is related to network: the list of IP addresses assigned to the device, the relevant DHCP and DNS configuration entries, and the list of relevant loadbalancer pools, together with their state.
In this tab you can see the history of all changes to the device in the database, together with dates, comments and people responsible for the change. It’s useful when you need to track what happened with the device in the past.
Using this tab, you can force re-running of the discovery process for any of the device’s IP addresses (or even enter a custom IP address by hand). It will show you the logs from the discovery process as it happens.
Note that this is equivalent to running the discovery from a command line on the server which hosts the web application – the task is not sent to external workers. If your workers are in different private networks or have different access to the devices you are managing, then the results of manual discovery may be different from the automatic discovery done by the workers.
Visible only in the “Ventures” section, this tab shows you all the device roles defined in that venture.
Only displayed in the “Ventures” section, shows information about the currently selected venture. You can see a summary of costs for selected time period, together with a graph showing how the costs changed in time.
This tab displays information relevant to change management. More details in the CMDB documentation.
Depending on your permissions, you may be able to change the attributes of devices that you are viewing. Every time you make a change, you have to provide a comment describing your change for the change history.
Once any of the fields have been changed manually, a small hand icon is displayed next to that field. That means, that the value of that field will not be updated automatically now – to not overwrite the manual changes. You can click on that icon in order to remove it and allow automatic changes of the field.
There’s one more restriction here - when a device is assigned to an asset, you can not change its position fields (i.e. parent, dc, rack, position, orientation). In order to do that, you should use “Assets” module instead. This should be considered as a temporary workaround, because in the future, position will be stored only in the “Assets” module.